"The momentum created by U.S. President Barack Obama’s speech in Prague in April 2009 for a world without nuclear weapons seems to be weakening. The number of nuclear weapons has been reduced to around 20,000, equivalent to one-third of the peak at the height of the Cold War. However, the prospects of eliminating nuclear weapons are still distant at best. Even more worrying, the situation regarding nuclear weapons is becoming more and more complex. On the positive side, the New START, a U.S.-Russian bilateral strategic nuclear weapons reduction treaty, was signed in April 2010. In the following month, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference (RevCon) unanimously adopted a Final Document, which contained a specific action plan for nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and nuclear security, along with key recommendations related to the Middle East. After these positive movements, however, the negotiation on a post-New START bilateral nuclear reduction treaty has yet to be launched, and other nuclear weapons possessors do not even seem to have the intention to start further, if any, reduction of their arsenals. The goals of early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the immediate commencement and early conclusion of Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty (FMCT) negotiations have been reiterated for more than a decade without meaningful progress. Iran and North Korea seem to consolidate their respective nuclear (weapons) capabilities. Notwithstanding gradual reinforcement of nuclear security, the threat of nuclear terrorism remains a high security concern. While problems regarding nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and nuclear security continue to accumulate, efforts toward solving them have progressed at a snail's pace.
"In order to revitalize the momentum, this project first tries to clarify the current status of issues surrounding nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and nuclear security, as well as efforts made by each country. By doing so, it aims to encourage increased debate on these issues by policy makers, experts in and outside governments, and civil society. Furthermore, by issuing the “Report” and the “Evaluation” from Hiroshima, where a nuclear weapon was once used, it aims to help promote further actions in various fields to realize a world without nuclear weapons."
The Hiroshima Report 2014 (PDF) can be downloaded from the following links:
The Hiroshima Report 2012 (PDF) can be downloaded from the following links: